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[texts]Emergent Novelties in the Mentality of Dizygotic Twin - Bernhard Bierschenk
An extension of the application of the Scanator to dizygotic (DZ) twin is the concern of the present study. Scanator is an extremely valuable tool in the functional analysis of qualitative stability in text building behaviour. Moreover, Scanator allows for a detailed investigation of subtle changes emerging in the structural relations of emergent novelties. One goal of the present study concerns a most rigorous power test of parameter operations in relation to corresponding model components...
Keywords: MLT units; visual cliff; pictures; self-indication; conserved energy; viscosity; elasticity; schema axiom; Wilks Lambda; Cohen's (f); MANOVA
Downloads: 38
[texts]Actors'€™ General Conceptions and Strategies for Local Development: An Application of Perspective Text Analysis - Ņke Gabrielsson & Margareta Paulsson
The purpose of this paper is to examine the interdependence between actors' conceptions and local strategies for development. Two peripheral municipalities with development problems are compared. The municipalities have a shared history and culture and a similar economic life. Yet they seem to have different development strategies. In order to understand why, the significant actors are focused upon...
Keywords: actor; strategy; municipality; logic; action; synthesis; value
Downloads: 27
[texts]The Perspective Structure in the Verbal Flow - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
The concept of agent is introduced into a psychological analysis of natural language. The agent component has a steering func¬tion in the development of a perspective throughout a text. This is shown by an experiment with the series of pictures from the Visual Cliff studies. The pictures have been used to examine individual differences in the perception of ecologically significant information. Through a numerical analysis perceptual syndromes have been demonstrated.
Keywords: agent concept; numerical analysis; individual differences; symbolic integration; textual transformation; perspective separation
Downloads: 36
[texts]Animal Terms in Children’s Metaphors - Nicoletta Caramelli & Angela Montanari
This research aims at showing that children shift their interpretation of the same metaphor according to the social role respectively of the speaker and the addressee of the sentence, to the degree of lexicalisation of the metaphor, and to their age. We chose the simplest type of metaphorical sentence, i. e., the ‘nominal’ one in the form 'X is a B', where X was a proper name and be an animal term...
Keywords: cognition; metaphor; story; perception; statistics
Downloads: 49
[texts]Consciousness as a Function of Kowledge and Culture - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
The study of consciousness requires a language for exact and precise communication. This article presents a study of how workers in various cultural contexts value information of relevance to their job performance. The strategy of analysis applied differs radically from the classical approaches. Based on the concept of coordinative structure, functional linkages among textual Agents and Objectives provide for the emergence of mental phenomena...
Keywords: coordinative structures; functional linkages; open question analysis; cubic spaces; phase dependency
Downloads: 58
[texts]Overcoming European language barriers: A new foundation for text analysis - Bernhard Bierschenk
The present discussion is meant to serve the explanation of significant novelties, resulting from a search through the holophors of Swedish, English, German, Danish, French, and Italian text productions. Holophors have the capacity to enhance the fundamental relation between ideas and motifs through the explicitness of the functional state-termini relations. It follows that their common causal determination can be treated as the efficient definition of adaptation and consequently translational f...
Keywords: Emergent themes; emergent motifs; transformations on information invariants; structural stability; super-symmetries; spacetime structures; AaO axiom; energy landscapes; conceptual invariance; Swedish spirit
Downloads: 4
[texts]Poem-Embedded Consciousness: The Lost Optimism of Voltaire - Bernhard Bierschenk
In studying poem-embedded consciousness, the present approach has been based on Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). Methodologically, the version Vertex is used and the focus is on suffering in the Age of Reason in which both the French Système and the Philosophes had trouble with fitting the horrors of catastrophic events into the optimistic worldview of that time. In particular, Voltaire’s position concerning the doctrine of optimism and the solutions, proposed by the Church and the Système, ...
Keywords: reversible synthesizing AaO mechanism; consciousness; self-reference; self-indication; age of reason
Downloads: 40
[texts]Swedish Semantic Dictionary Base for (570) Adjectives and (880) Verbs - Bernhard Bierschenk
The dictionary base is representing Swedish adjectives and verbs which were assessed of a sample of 40 randomly selected individuals, drawn from a population of 132 researchers, working in the fields of educational and psychological research. Further, the presented source materials are based on a sample of 600 pages of running text drawn from the 4000 pages of the collected interviews. This base provides a new way of building up concepts and conceptual relations...
Keywords: Multidimensional scaling; Osgood; psychometrics; content analysis
Downloads: 59
[texts]The Fundamentals of Perspective Text Analysis (Original Edition). - Bernhard Bierschenk
The major assumption made is that language as a natural system is both self-organising and self-referential. Compared to common syntactic-semantic approaches, the present approach is ecological and builds on the unambiguous identification of textual agents and agencies together with their objectives. Because information transaction cannot be studied without an emphasis on the text producerâs text building behaviour, his intended and oriented schematising as unitising activity has been focused u...
Keywords: AaO system; expression; proposition; text building; behaviour; agent; scale factor; operative space; energy flow; periodical system; energies; information flow; timing; spacing
Downloads: 34
[texts]Perception and Judgement of Life Quality across Projected Societies - Bernhard Bierschenk
The focus of the presentation is on the individual’s comprehension of “citizenship”. Study and analysis of citizenship concerns a person’s co-operative interaction with various physical and social surroundings as well as the cognitive integration of these surroundings. A person can achieve this integration through development of his abilities of judgement. Thus the aim is to make apparent the kinds of judgement that have been manifested on the basis of three different sequences of episod...
Keywords: citizenship; projection; future; cognitive integration
Downloads: 26
[texts]The Measurement of Perspective Change through Textual Movement Patterns - Bernhard Bierschenk
An entirely new approach to the study of text building behaviour is possible through the application of Scanator. The present article consists of a demonstration of some of its fundamental functions. These are suitable in a study of text building. The basic concepts, expressed through an analysis of a small part of an interview text, derive from a thermodynamic treatment of text building. Through Scanator, a number of qualitatively distinctive phases at the kinetic level of processing are made e...
Keywords: viscosity; elasticity; AaO machine; natural group; kinetic process; kinematic level; pressure; force; pattern formation; pendular movement; link; joint; steady state
Downloads: 26
[texts]Structural Variations in Verbally Reported Objectives - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
The study reported shows the implications of incorporating the autonomous observer into the experimental range. Subjects have verbally described pictorially mediated information, and their determination of the action centre of the observations has been made the basis for clustering ecologically significant objectives. It is demonstrated that objectives, conceptually divided into the subcomponents Figures and Grounds, are structured differently both in relation to each other and in relation to th...
Keywords: autonomy; observer; figure; ground; picture; mediated information; reference point; geometric formalism
Downloads: 23
[texts]Den dolda storheten i Dvärgen - Inger Bierschenk
This study concerns The Dwarf (Dvärgen) by Pär Lagerkvist. The author wanted to give his tribute to the Renaissance masters by letting the dwarf express his scorn and contempt for humanism. Further, Lagerkvist wanted to characterize the greatness and lowness of Man through the prince and his innate dwarf. It is generally assumed that the prince character in this novel has retrieved properties from Machiavelli’s Prince...
Keywords: duality; mentality; Perspective Text Analysis (PTA); holophors; language space; perspective transformation; fiction; The Dwarf; Pär Lagerkvist
Downloads: 13
[texts]The Discontinuity of Human Existence: Part II. The General and the Specific Theories of Discontinuity - Ole Elstrup Rasmussen
This is the second article in a series of three, the objective of which is to describe the fun¬damental discontinuities of human existence. In part I: The Fundamental Concepts of Human Existence and the Relation between the Singular and the Super Singular, it was concluded, among other things, that the theories analysed had a number of fundamental concepts of development in common: canalisation that encompasses transference of something from one to another, correlation that encompasses recipr...
Keywords: self-reference; AaO system; discontinuity; human; existence; discursive strings
Downloads: 40
[texts]Degrees of Consciousness in the Communication of Action and Events on the Visual Cliff - Bernhard Bierschenk
This article has its focus on the consciousness of dizygotic twins in their communication of actions and events as perceived on the visual cliff In the process of communication many different state spaces are generated. From a methodological point of view, it is demonstrated that the ecological and biophysical properties of language produce unique morphological profiles. Based on experimental data, collected from a male and a female pair, kinetic and kinematic invariants have been extracted...
Keywords: natural periods; AaO formula; dyzygotic twins; visual cliff; pictures; narration; becoming; textual agent; textual objective; ESS; effect size; text mass; text length; text flows; holotop; holophor
Downloads: 28
[texts]Intended Predication - Inger Bierschenk
The basic argument of this article is that the predicate, in its profane sense, has a realistic ground. A discussion of realism in language analysis is made on the basis of a reconstruction of the paradigmatic functions intended in the Objective component. By introducing the Subject component as the governing factor for analysing predications, the author schematically demonstrates the "ecologically significant" double binding between the objects of the predicate.
Keywords: realism; language; objective; AaO paradigm; linguistics; representation; figure; ground; cooperation
Downloads: 24
[texts]An English Digest: Self-confrontation via Closed Circuit Television in Teacher Training: Results, Implications and Recommendations for Further Research - Bernhard Bierschenk
An experimental study was carried out at the Malmö School of Education in 1969 and 1970 for the purpose of studying the effects on the self-assessment of student teachers of, firstly, externally mediated self-confrontation processes (via closed-circuit television and video-recording), and secondly, dyadic confrontation processes (in the form of traditional tutoring). Detailed reports on the background, design and result of the experiment have been presented in Swedish...
Keywords: microteaching; self-assessment; external; mediation; self-confrontation; CCTV; VR; dyadic confrontation; reserach design; validity; reliability; Anova; longitudinal; experiment
Downloads: 47
[texts]The Ideology of Pure Form - Inger Bierschenk
Ever since Chomsky published his work on the syntactic structures, linguists, AI-researchers, philosophers and psychologists have been obsessed with trying to prove the relevance of the formalism that his work advocates. The Chomskyan tradition assumes that the automaton represents the highest form of knowledge, and that, therefore, knowledge of language exists only as propositions. In the later works of Chomsky, the X-bar theory, especially its minimalist version, is proposed to be a purified d...
Keywords: declarative description; phrase structure grammar; finite state generator; minimalist hypothesis; X-bar graph
Downloads: 43
[texts]Towards a Flow Field Model of Language Processing - Inger Bierschenk
The basic idea behind this presentation is that text can only be analysed with reference to somebody or something being its source. This means that there must be a person speaking or writing the text, some perspective by which it is produced, and a speaking or writing mechanism that transports linguistic form and organization into structural information, i.e. text. In principle, there is nothing new in this statement...
Keywords: perspective; language models; control; writing mechanism; structural information
Downloads: 28
[texts]The Schematism of Natural Language - Inger Bierschenk
Language processing can hardly be discussed without a statement of the fundamentals on which the instrumentation rests. The models and their operationalisation express the linguist's starting-points, more or less conscious, when he faces the phenomenon of language. A commonly accepted position in linguistics is that language is a set of culturally transmitted conventions. The language describing these conventions is called a linguistic model when it forms some systematics...
Keywords: agent function; Kantian schema; AaO-model; perspective control; empirical validity
Downloads: 53
[texts]Reconciling Deductive and Inductive Approaches to Work Motivation by a Syndetic - Conrad Ottesen
Theories of work motivation are reconsidered from F. W. Taylor to E. A. Locke. These are characterised by a behaviour paradigmatic point of view as either of analytic-deductive or analytic-inductive kind. Hence rationality is understood according to a determinism leaving rationality according to a moral point of view out of consideration. In order to incorporate human value into the study of work motivation a syndetic approach is called upon...
Keywords: motivation; human value; syndetic; Kant
Downloads: 52
[texts]A Cognitive Economics Approach to Information Management - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
This article presents a study in cognitive economics. It originates from a survey of mechanics carried out by a Swedish multinational machine industry. The verbal response of seven US and seven Swedish mechanics to three open questions concerning information needs were analysed with Perspective Text Analysis. Only configurations building on significant groupings, which do not fall below the lower limit of t.90 of the t-distribution, are retained in the analysis...
Keywords: cognitve; economics; structure; dimensionality; workers; multinational; industry
Downloads: 30
[texts]Concept Formulation: Part III. Analysis of Mentality - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
This is the third article of a series of three about concept formulation. It presents an analysis of the mentality of a free and unrestricted interview. The article starts with an illustration of the way in which an algorithmic analysis of natural language production has been carried out. Especially the functioning of the algorithm in differentiating objectives from the perspective is emphasised. By means of the agent function, meaningful conceptual relations can be unambiguously and automatical...
Keywords: interview; differentiation; objectives; boundaries; affinity relation; topographic description
Downloads: 28
[texts]The Discontinuity of Human Existence: Part III. Perspective Text Analysis. A Methodological Approach to the Study of Competence - Ole Elstrup Rasmussen
This is the last article in a series of three, the objective of which is to describe the fundamental discontinuities of human existence. In the first article: The fundamental concepts of human existence and the relation between the singular and the super-singular, it is shown, among other things, that a number of classic theories have three fundamental concepts of development in common: canalization that encompasses transference of something from one another, correlation that encompasses recipro...
Keywords: self-reference; AaO system; human; existence; discontinuity; perspectivation
Downloads: 37
[texts]Mentality for Mission in Christianity: A Tutorial in the Analysis of a Curriculum Vitae - Curt Dahlgren
During the 1800's interest in Christian foreign missions was established and flourished in Sweden. Several mission organisations were founded for the purpose of disseminating knowledge about the countries in which missionary activity was to be carried out. This was done in part to raise funding to support increased missionary activity and in part to recruit new candidates for the mission field. Missionary publications were one means of achieving this goal...
Keywords: AaO system; missionary; training; Christianity; recruitment; religion; growth
Downloads: 35
[texts]On Linguistic Formulas for Knowledge Representation - Inger Bierschenk
This paper takes up one model that has been basic for language-based computer systems. With this background, one primary computer application will be examined. The aim is to illustrate some problems in taking advantage of a theory developed in one field when constructing a linguistic representation in another.
Keywords: computational linguistics; cognitive science; phrase structure; grammar; computer understanding
Downloads: 39
[texts]Behavioural Semantics: A Comparison between Topologic and Algebraic Scaling in the Measurement of human Dignity - Bernhard Bierschenk
This article is concerned primarily with the problem of measuring quality and/or quantity of psychological phenomena. Its purpose is to identify and examine the critical problem of qualifying a syntactic correct indicative statement. The exposition is based on the premise that both humanistic and behaviouristic oriented psychologists have agreed upon the necessity of the analytical proposition as foundation of all scientific inquiry...
Keywords: subject; object; distinction; categorical; judgement; psychometrics; behaviour; referent; response; alternative; one-dimensional; space; morality
Downloads: 44
[texts]The Ecological Approach to Diagnosis of Service Information Behaviour - Bernhard Bierschenk
This paper presents a new approach to analysing verbal behaviour. Underlying this approach is a subject-governed model, which means that a text producer (agent) is the reference point in coding. The study through which the method is exemplified originates from a survey of mechanics carried out by a Swedish multinational machine industry. The results illustrate how workers in various cultural contexts value information of relevance to their job performance...
Keywords: workers; cultural context; subjective consciousness
Downloads: 17
[texts]The Agent Function as the Basis for Perspective Control - Bernhard Bierschen & Inger Bierschenk
How to study knowledge representation on empirical grounds has been made the theme of this article. It emphasises in particular the steering and controlling function of the agent. The agents of a text are bound to a perspective. By differentiating the perspective from the figure and its ground the method presented shows how these basic components covariate. Their coordinative structure is brought out by means of a topographic representation.
Keywords: agent; function; topographic; representation; steering; mechanism; hierarchical; cluster; ESS; values; significance
Downloads: 28
[texts]A Model for Explorations into Cognitive Science Research - Bernhard Bierschenk
Because computer-oriented researchers apply cognitive notions such as meaning, symbol and understanding, or concept, cognition and knowledge, it has become mandatory to inquire into the traditional explanatory models of science, including behaviourism. The article outlines the steering and control mechanism that has governed a new outlook in which subjective mental states become functionally interactive and essential for a full explanation of conscious behaviour...
Keywords: phase relations; design structure; axiomatic basis; recurrent factorial design
Downloads: 70
[texts]La Géométrie du Texte. Manuel sur le Système PTA/Vertex - Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
Résumé L’essence de ce rapport est basée sur l’axiome (AaO) proposé par Kant. La version Vertex de la méthode PTA (Analyse de la Perspective du Texte) représente une approche alternative quand il s’agit d’études basées sur des textes. Le système Vertex comprend un mesurage objectif des angles de texte, qui sont utilisés pour une description non-linéaire du flux textuel, qui forme un espace dynamique...
Keywords: functional text geometry; perspective text analysis (PTA); Kantian AaO-axiom; language space; flow dynamics; fusion dynamics; magnitudes; potential energy surfaces; free energy surfaces; energy landscapes; French
Downloads: 40
[texts]Myten om kunskapshungern - Inger Bierschenk
This article is a discussion of the possibility of changing the view of knowledge producing activities toward a competence directed education. After presentation of the traditional behaviouristic model and its consequences when applied on teaching, a new concept of competence is suggested, which differs from the concept of qualification. An important part of the article deals with the evaluation as an idea and a method for quality control...
Keywords: competence; quality; materials directedness; evaluation research
Downloads: 15
[texts]Concept Formulation: Part I. The Phenomenon of Cognition - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
A common way of looking at cognition builds on the generation and representation of knowledge based on syntactic models. Above all, in connection with computer applications, it is proposed that the syntactic models are of significance for research on language and cognition. In the representation of a cognitive phenomenon, language plays the central role. Therefore, a contrasting discussion of the basic assumptions of both syntactic and paradigmatic models is the starting point of a method develo...
Keywords: system; living; nonliving; logic; calculation; vision; semantics; AI; discovery; modelling; instrumentation; level; representation
Downloads: 41
[texts]A System for a Computer-based Content Analysis of Interview Data - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
Content analysis based on frequency distributions differs from impressionistic analysis and interpretations of written or spoken text. This type of analysis is objective insofar as it requires an explicit analysis procedure and a formalised analysis. Objectification means that a person transfers certain typical human functions to objects, i.e., tools, and that machines are developed that can carry out functions that were originally subjective...
Keywords: regression analysis; scaling; psycho-linguistics; concept formation; panel studies
Downloads: 125
[texts]Con-Scious Measurement and Representation of Knowing - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
The classical hypothesis underlying measurement and representation of natural phenomena is based on the analytic proposition. The traditional assumption is that stimulus - response pairs can be studied with respect to intensity or power and resistence to change. In contrast, the Schema hypothesis advanced, assumes the synthetic proposition as the foundation of an approach that observes dynamics and invariance under change as essential...
Keywords: schema; synthesis; algorithm; agent control; ecology; topographic
Downloads: 39
[texts]The Idealised World: A Problem of Semantics - Bernhard Bierschenk
In a number of preceding articles having appeared in this series it has been demonstrated that the AaO paradigm can be used to develop a cognitive helical structure. The present article advances the process to the forth of five phases. Of the four dependent variables emerging at this stage, two will be discussed, namely (1) zero processing and (2) variations in form. The other two will be presented in a forthcoming article...
Keywords: AaO paradigm; design; helix; structure; semantics; lexicon; expansion; sphere; illusion; factor; variation
Downloads: 152
[texts]The Schema Axiom as Foundation of a Theory for Measurement and Rrepresentation of Consciousness - Bernhard Bierschenk
For the first time in the history of psychological and educational measurement the Kantian schema has been applied to natural language expression in a rigorous and precise way. The crucial novelty of the approach concerns the way in which the Kantian schema interrelates the analytic with the synthetic mode in the construction of the presented formalism. The main thesis advanced is based on the premise that the synthetic in contrast to the analytic proposition plays the central role in the measur...
Keywords: measuring; change; Kant; AaO system; expression; consciousness; carrier; language; dance; language; bees; ecological invariants; intention; orientation; visual cliff; transformation; algorithmic processing; dynamic linkage; cluster
Downloads: 38
[texts]Mentality: Measurement and Representation - Bernhard Bierschenk
The scientific treatment of the concept of consciousness is multifarious. This has caused a number of different approaches. The present article gives some introductory account of the research on consciousness. However, the main hypothesis advanced is based on the premise that consciousness emerges from the cooperative interaction of multiple agents and agencies within naturally produced text. By means of Perspective Text Analysis it is demonstrated that the Kantian schema provides the necessary ...
Keywords: consciousness; subjective; Bell-Magendie; separation; psychophysical model; cybernetics; sensori-motor; association; double helix; language; AaO configuration
Downloads: 42
[texts]The Split Between Meaning and Being - Bernhard Bierschenk
The discussion in this article takes its point of departure in the generally accepted position of cognition-oriented scientists that intelligent behaviour requires an organism/formalism, which can abstract information from the environment. By examining some operationalised schema models the author shows to what extent these have been capable of explaining the development of behaviourally meaningful cognitive functions...
Keywords: organism; formalism; cognitive functions; schema model; progressive behaviour; autonomous observer; operation space; projection mechanism; binocular disparity
Downloads: 27
[texts]Reasons for Cooperative Structure - Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
Both ecological and conceptual environments require a ground for their observation. The ground structures an observer's perception of objects and events. It is therefore of high experimental importance that subjects are given the opportunity to verbalise freely how they perceive an environment and orient themselves in it, since in their language there will be expressed towards what kind of ground structure they operate in the perception process...
Keywords: ecology; environment; concepts; the Givens; observer-event binding; visual cliff; social setting; cultural setting; orientation; experiment
Downloads: 44
[texts]Behavioural Semantics: A Comparison between Topologic and Algebraic Scaling in the Measurement of Human Dignity - Bernhard Bierschenk
This article is concerned primarily with the problem of measuring quality and/or quantity of psychological phenomena. Its purpose is to identify and examine the critical problem of qualifying a syntactic correct indicative statement. The exposition is based on the premise that both humanistic and behaviouristic oriented psychologists have agreed upon the necessity of the analytical proposition as foundation of all scientific inquiry...
Keywords: subject-object; distinction; categorical judgement; behavioural referents; response alternatives; cluster; one-dimensional space; topological surface
Downloads: 28
[texts]A Demonstrative Definition of Consciousness in Monozygotic Twin - Bernhard Bierschenk
The presented study builds on the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) principle. It accommodates a unique theoretical framework for the development of a radically new methodological approach to the scientific study of intentionality and orientation. This approach will be called Scanator. It provides the means for rigorous measurement and representation of such mental phenomena as consciousness and consequently the subtle structures of mentality...
Keywords: monozygotic twins; AaO principle; mass-independence; informational interaction; text production; self-indication; intentional causation; Visual Cliff pictures; perceptual depth; flow-fields; movement patterns
Downloads: 56
[texts]Schemabiten i diagnosen av kunskapsstrukturer - Helge Helmersson
This article presents an attempt to construct a knowledge model on the basis of' the use of a computer-based planning model. The precision and analysis of different knowledge generation processes are made with reference to the school environment. The basic unit of analysis is a “timetable unit” defined within the timetable as a number of combina­tions of subject-teacher-class-room. The timetable unit is conceptualised as a unity, while the relations between the components are used for a dia...
Keywords: frames; timetable; planning; school; computer-based
Downloads: 60
[texts]Menneskets moralske straeben som grundlag for en arbejdsmotivationsmodel - Conrad Ottesen
The subject of this presentation is work motivation. The starting point is taken in a critique of the theory of motivation as it has been developed since the beginning of the 19th century and a certain kind of making the human factor to a constant in the production of services.  The try-outs, which have been undertaken against this background can be characterised as more or less successful; with the experimentation it has not been possible to achieve with any of the aims...
Keywords: motivation; moral action; legitimacy; work obligation
Downloads: 46
[texts]The Assessment of Competence: A New Field of Research - Bernhard Bierschenk
Based on the typical tasks required in ability testing, a general conclusion drawn in the international research literature is that intelligence is not different from e.g. McClelland's achievement testing. To many psychologists this means that the concept of competence is insignificant and that intelligence as well as related aptitude tests are sufficient in the assessment of performance. Further, it is generally assumed that the intelligence quotient (IQ) constitutes a measure of cognitive deve...
Keywords: behavioural foundation; IQ; assortive mating; filter; unfolding competence; text production; wholeness; thinking; consequences; policy formation
Downloads: 119
[texts]The Topological Scaling of Consciousness: The World in the Perspective of Economists and Technologists - Bernhard Bierschenk
The article presents an analysis in which intentionality is the key concept in the measurement and representation of consciousness. It is shown that a psychological approach based on the animal mechanism out of which behavioural semantics has developed is wrong. By studying the local and global singularities it was possible to show that efficient transaction with the environment rests on the theoretical formulations that assume the cooperative interaction of a conscious organism with the environ...
Keywords: collectivity; consciousness; narratives; topological representation; cubic space
Downloads: 67
[texts]Steering mechanisms for knowability - Bernhard Bierschenk
The foundations of knowledge by tradition have been treated analytically and knowledge has been characterized as a theoretical subject. This article introduces a steering mechanism as the prerequisite for a study of knowledge work and mainte-nance on empirical grounds. Knowledge is treated synthetically, that is, as something that exists only through the individualâs cooperation with its environment, which implies that criteria can be formulated for the isolation of knowledge processes...
Keywords: synthetic model; knowledge process; theory construction; measuring; cognitive function; self-reference
Downloads: 40
[texts]The Visual Cliff Transformed: A Factor-analytic Definition - Bernhard Bierschenk
The problem investigated in this study was formulated against the background of the theory of affordances as it was tested with the famous âVisual Cliffâ experiment. The present study is based on the assumption that the perceiver can detect transformational as well as structural invariants not only in the context of the classical âVisual Cliffâ experiments but also when their basic assumptions are transformed into the social realm...
Keywords: ecological perception; optical texture; narratives; principal component; varimax rotation; taxonomic approach; content analytic approach; intersubjectivity; two-factor solution
Downloads: 56
[texts]Remarks on the Status of Inference in the Area of Knowledge Representation - Christopher Habel
The concept of inference is one of the global concepts used for the explanation of cognitive processes. There exist mainly two types of characterisation: the logical and the psychological. These different characterisations are based on the difference between inference and rule of inference. Information processing systems can be formalised as inferential systems, i.e. systems with inferential processes...
Keywords: proposition; logical form; inference; time restriction
Downloads: 22
[texts]The Cult of Understanding - Bernhard Bierschenk
In this article, understanding is discussed with reference to an Agent-action-Objective model. The formalism developed controls the processes of differentiation and integration underlying understanding. The starting point is a culturally agreed-on expectancy or prescription, which defines a particular form of understanding. Central to an investigation of how scientists model understanding is how they conceive symbols...
Keywords: self-reference; prediction; state change; classification
Downloads: 44
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